THE OLIVE TREE
The Olive tree is the only tree that grows almost exclusively here in the Mediterranean. Today the olive tree covers more than 10.8 million hectares of cultivated land around the world, of which 95% is in the Mediterranean region. One can see both wild and cultivated olive trees in this part of the world; they have more or less the same climatic requirements. Wild olives are found mainly in the lower altitudes- between sea level and 300m- along the shores of the Aegean, the coast of southern Turkey, the maritime belt of Lebanon ,and Israel as far south as Mount Carmel. Greece is the now third worldwide for the production of table olives and olive oil however, the situation was different in Antiquity .
The oldest tree at Ano Vouves Crete is believed to be at least 2,000 to 3,000 years old. It still produces olives.
During the second millennium…
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